Environmental awareness and responsibility are the main aspects of interior design. Interior design has always been about the current trends, including the green movement. Most homeowners and developers have embraced sustainable interior design to reduce environmental impact. Interior designers decide which materials and products to use. They follow the interior design principles that we are going to discuss in a moment. These principles help to reduce environmental impact and build a more sustainable future.
Design for Energy Efficiency
Buildings consume the most energy and lead to greenhouse gas emissions. Energy consumption is a major contributor to climate change. Architects and interior designers try to reduce the energy required for heating, running appliances, and lighting by providing a better option – renewable energy with zero carbon emissions. Windows coverings are one of the new inventions to help control building temperature.
Design for Low Environment Impact
It’s essential to go with materials and products with the lowest impact on the environment. Organic material such as wool, wood, and natural stone should be the obvious choice. However, we must use our natural resources responsibly. Therefore, go for easily renewable materials, such as bamboo. Once you extract a bamboo, new ones shoot.
Design for Water Efficiency
Water is essential in our lives, and these water shortage crisis in the country are worrying. One of the ways designers are preventing wastage of water is via the installation of rainwater storage systems. Also, pressure regulating systems, drip irrigation systems, high-efficiency nozzles, and low-flow toilets are just some of the latest additions to help cut water consumption by almost 50 percent. Some homes also have a built-in water recycling system.
Design for Waste Reduction
The planet’s resources are limited, and discarding products is no longer justified. We don’t need to buy trendy items and replace the ones we currently have, while we can upgrade them. Interior designers are gifted when it comes to waste reduction. They consider sustainable methods such as upcycling, recycling, and repurposing.
Design for Flexibility and Longevity
To prevent materials from being discarded often, designers are considering using materials with a longer lifespan. The goal is to ensure longevity and reduce the urge to change whole designs after a few years. Innovation has brought several solutions, for instance, walls that can be modified. We have also seen adjustable and mobile furniture, modular flooring, which allows easy personalization, and so on.
Those are the five principles of interior design. To learn more about them and how they are applied, check out Tylko’s article about principles of sustainable interior design.